20. KyÅ«jÅ Incident, 1945
On August 14-15, 1945 a military coup d’etat was attempted following the Potsdam Declaration of the Second World War, where Japan was to surrender to the Allies after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This was put into effect by the Staff of the Ministry of War and the Imperial Guard led by Major Kenji Hatanaka to stop Emperor Hirohito from signing the declaration. They forged an order to effect the occupation of the Tokyo Imperial Palace and put the emperor under house arrest. When it failed, the coup leaders along with Hatanaka and the armies of the Imperial Guard all committed â€˜seppuku,’ the traditional Japanese form of suicide.
15. Pakistani Coup d’etat, 1958
The Pakistani Coup d’etat refers to a series of events that transpired between October 7, where President Iskander Mirza abrogated the Constitution and declared martial law, and October 27, when he was deposed by Gen. Ayub Khan. The first successful coup in Pakistan, Mirza not only abolished the Constitution and dissolved the National Assembly of Pakistan, but also outlawed political parties and appointed General Ayub Khan as the Commander-in-chief of the Army nominating him as Prime Minister. However, Mirza was forced to resign from presidency on October 27 and was eventually exiled to London.
10. Equatorial Guinea Coup d’etat, 1979
On August 3, 1979, Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo overthrew his uncle, the then-dictator Francisco Macias Nguema after fearing that he has gone mad for ordering the murders of several members of his family, including Obiang’s brother. Charged with a number of atrocities committed including the genocide of Bubi, Macias was executed by the firing squad on September 29, 1979. While the bloody coup d’etat that ensued was shocking, what was more shocking was its aftermath when Obiang held power for three decades and funneled all the country’s wealth through his own bank accounts while the world questioned his part in his uncle’s atrocities.
5. Venezuelan Coup Attempts, 1992
The first coup attempt happened on February 1992 led by Hugo Chavez with the â€˜Movimiento Bolivariano Revolucionario’ (MBR-200) while the second one occurred in November 27 and was directed by others in an attempt to overthrow then-President Carlos Andres Perez while Chavez was imprisoned. The second coup that ensued took over the state-run television and major air bases. These coups resulted in the death of 14 soldiers and injured 50 soldiers and 80 civilians while government agents retaliated with extrajudicial killings of 40 people; civilian and surrendered rebels, and arbitrary detentions. Despite its failure and controversies, these coups catapulted Chavez to national prominence.